Deficiency of either haemoglobin or red blood cells in circulating blood resulting in fall in oxygen carrying capacity of blood is the condition called anaemia. There are many types of anaemia like primary anaemia which is caused due to the disease of blood formatting organs, pernicious anaemia which is generally caused in adult life due to lack of secretion by the stomach of a factor essential to proper blood formation , etc. The main cause of anaemia generally found in women, children and old people is the deficiency of iron, protein and vitamins in diet which is collectively known as nutritional anaemia.
This phenomenon has two aspects, namely deficiency or poor intake of foods reach in iron and vitamins, or due to improper assimilation of iron in the body. Chief symptoms of nutritional anaemia are general pallor, weakness, feeling of tiredness, on slight exertion, feeling of chilliness, cold extremities, itching of limbs, shortness of breath sometimes when the disease is in advanced stage and tendency of fainting, etc.
Anaemia is a condition of reduction in the haemoglobin concentration of the peripheral blood below the normal level in relation to the age and sex.
i) Anaemia due to blood loss. It may be acute or chronic.
ii) Haemolytic anaemia due to destruction of R.B.C.
iii) Impaired R.B.C. production. Due to Defective proliferation and differentiation to stem cells, aplastic anaemia, chronic renal failure, defective production of hormones from pituitary, thyroid, suprarenal gland or testis. And also due to defective DNA synthesis (vitamin B12, folic acid deficiency), defective haemoglobin synthesis.
i) Normocytic Anaemia due to acute blood loss, liver diseases, some haemolytic anaemias, Endocrinopathy and anaemia of infection.
ii) Macrocytic Anaemia for Vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency, Drugs inhibiting DNA synthesis and liver diseases.
iii) Microcytic anaemia, such as Iron deficiency anaemia, Thalassaemia, Sideroblastic anaemia and pyridoxine deficiency.
It is the commonest type of anemia recognised clinically.
Causes of Iron deficiency anemia are: (1) Defective intake; in children, psychiatric patients having anorexia due to any cause. (2) Defective absorption due to gastrectomy, gastrojejunostomy, sprue syndrome. (3) Excessive demand of growing children and females during reproductive period of life.
(4) Excessive loss due to hookworm, bleeding piles, menorrhagia in females, recurrent haematemesis and melaena from acute and chronic ulceration of the gastro intestinal tract or rupture of oesophageal varices, gastrointestinal malignancy, hiatus hernia, recurrent blood donation, long standing haematuria, drugs including aspirin.
There are many homeopathic medicine to treat anaemia, such as China, Acid Phos, pulsatilla, Arsenic, Phosphorus, Ferrum met, calcarea Phos, Ferrum phos and so on. But the homeopathic remedy should be selected after proper case taking and with totality of symptom. Te magnets should also be applied to palms of hands daily in the morning. Magnetised water should be taken thrice daily. Natural foods reach in iron should be taken enough. Expert magnet-therapist may also suggest other point of application of magnets as per symptom and condition of the anaemia patient.