Asthma is an allergic disease and the term applies to the condition of breathing difficulties. In case of acute attacks, the patient gasps for breath as the patient cannot inhale sufficient air. Generally, the inspiration is difficult and the expiration is prolonged. The breathing is accompanied by fine whistling sounds commonly known as wheezing. The attack comes suddenly usually at night accompanied by the above said symptoms. In case of prolonged acute attack the patient’s face turns blue or cyanotic due to oxygen deficiency. Asthma is generally caused due to inhaling or ingestion of certain substances to which an individual may be sensitive and reacts violently. The substances like dust, pollens of certain plants, eggs, dry scales of scalp, cotton and so many other substances which are known as allergens can include the symptoms of asthma.
After ingestion of these allergens, the immunity system of the body produces what are known as antibodies to fight the invaders out. In the combat, certain chemicals like histamine are produced which result in the spasms of the bronchi and narrowing of the air-tubes. In the beginning of the attack, the cough is dry and tight with no sputum though the patient tries hard to bring up the mucous. After sometime, depending upon the nature and length of the disease, the expectoration follows thus relieving the symptoms of agony and soon the patient recovers.
One suffering from asthma should avoid the intake of allergens, if the person knows of the sensitivity to a particular type of allergen.
Bronchial Asthma : – Recurrent paroxysmal attacks of dyspnoea chiefly expiratory in nature accompanied by wheeze due to generalised reversible airway obstruction which may subside spontaneously or with treatment is called Bronchial Asthma. Asthmatic patient are having a hyper-reacting bronchial tree and numbers of factors may produce airway obstruction, such as, spasm of the bronchial smooth muscle, oedema of the bronchial mucosa, and presence of mucus in the bronchial lumen. Due to various known and unknown factors broncho-constriction may occur. The factors responsible for releasing the mediators of asthma are allergy, infection, exercise, psychological factors, change of temperature and humidity, smoking, tobacco chewing etc.
Allergy : – Allergens may be inhaled or ingested. Inhaled allergens are house dusts, pollens, dander, kapok and fathers. The antigen in the house dust is derived from the mite, dermato-phagoides which live in the beddings and mattress and fungus. Ingested allergens include various substances such as egg, fish, crab, chocolate, aspirin, penicillin, iodide etc. This type of allergic asthma develops in atopic persons mediated by antibodies. These antibodies belong to a type of immunoglobulin. The antigen-antibody reaction causes degranulation of the mast cells which release pharmacologically active substances producing bronchiolar obstructions.
Infection : – Infection of the bronchial mucosa causes airway obstruction due to oedema of the mucosa and over production of mucus. Apart from this, bacterial antigen may produce an allergic response. Some viruses are also responsible for infection.
Exercise : – It may precipitate asthma or worsen the asthmatic condition of a patient.
Psychological factors : – Various psychological factors particularly emotional stress may precipitate an attack of asthma.
Temperature and humidity : – Change of temperature and humidity may cause obstruction to the airways in asthmatic individuals.
Airway obstructions may also caused by cigarette smoking and tobacco chewing.
Acute severe Asthma : – it is the state of series of asthmatic attacks without any remissions in between which makes the patient exhausted and incapacitated and if not treated urgently may lead to a fatal outcome. Severe asthma comes with the signs and symptoms like severe breathlessness, inability to speak with one breath, restlessness and anxiety, central cyanosis, presence of large amount of bronchial secretion, high pulse rate, diminished level of consciousness, severe hyperinflation of chest, pulsus paradoxus, etc.
after case taking of the total symptom a homeopathic remedy selection is to be done carefully. Some important homeopathic medicine may be consider and kept in mind are Casia sophera, Aconite, Ipecac, Bacillinum, ThujA, Arsenic alb, Psorinum, Antim tart, Carbo veg, Natrum Sulph, Ignatia, Aspidosperma, Sanguinaria, Sabina and so on. Experience homeopath physician should select the proper medicine for an individual.
And with homeopathy medicine the magnetic therapy should be done to get an excellent positive result. The patient should apply the magnets to the palms of the hands daily in the morning. In the evening, north pole of the ceramic magnets should be applied under two inch of right breast nipple and south pole of the ceramic magnet at the same position of the back. Magnetised water made by both pole should be given.