A condition characterised by abnormally infrequent and difficult evacuation of stools is called constipation. Severe constipation can lead to painful anal fissures, ulcers and piles and can also aggravate satin conditions like asthma, diabetes, dysentery, gastritis and epilepsy. It can also lead to intestinal intoxication resulting in headache, loss of appetite, fatigue, flatulence and colic. Different people mean constipation defiantly. Many people thinks it is only means infrequent stools. Some others however mean constipation is the hard stools which is difficult to passing or his sense of incompleteness of a bowel movement.
The number of bowel movements generally decreases with the age. Medically constipation usually is defined as fewer than three bowel movements per week. Medically there is no reason to have a bowel movement every day or twice/thrice a day. But common people think that it is natural to have the bowel movement every day twice or thrice. Without a bowel movement for 2 to 3 days does not cause any physical discomfort backed some people feel only mental distress and take it as a serious constipation case.
Distinguish between acute and chronic constipation is very important for medical view. Acute constipation requires urgent care because it may underlie the cause of serious medical illness such as tumours of colon.
There are many causes of constipation. Some of them are: deficient motor activity of the intestines; insufficiency defecation reflex resulting in deficiency of defecation; laziness and indifference to pay attention to the call of nature; insufficiency of the quantity of stools formed due to inadequate intake of food; loss of appetite; lack of dietary fibres; taking insufficient water; sedentary life; taking more fast-food etc.
In children the stools sometimes come out as a collection of small hard balls which is known as spastic constipation. The Children may also hold back the stools due to painful hard movements. In children constipation is a condition of passage of very small and hard stool with pain and straining during defecation. Constipation is usually chronic affair, but acute constipation may result from acute intestinal obstruction. It should be remembered that constipation is rare in children. Usually all constipated children rectum is very much dilated and contains hard faeces. Accumulated faeces in the rectum may cause irritation leading to calls diarrhoea.
The large intestine controls the formation and the passage of stool from the body. The large intestine which is called colon absorbs water out of the solid waste and moves the waste to the rectum and anus. The change of the colon’s ability to regulate the amount of water in stools or that affects the muscles and nerves of the large intestine that are responsible for moving waste toward the rectum and anus can lead to constipation.
a) Too much water is absorbed from the waste as it passes through the colon, as a result forming hard and dry stools.
b) There may be changes in the colon’s ability to coordinate the muscles contractions needed to pass the stool to the rectum and anus, resulting the jamming of the stool.
c) The colon may be blocked by something such as tumours.
d) Persons who are not eating enough dietary fibre may call their constipation.
e) Lack of exercise is another cause of constipation.
f) Not drinking enough water may lead to constipation.
g) Ignoring the urge to defecate in time.
h) Certain medicines sometimes bring the constipation.
i) Sudden constipation may be a symptom of cancer.
The prevention of constipation is necessities careful toilet training in children right from their infancy. These training helps in development of defecation reflex. Not only children and adults should also develop regular habit to go to the toilet and not to ignore it. The diet should include such type of food which is rich in dietary fibre. Sufficient quantities of water and other fluids should be taken. A glass of cold water taken on rising in the morning often helps in proper bowel movement. Exercise in fresh open air regularly also helps prevention of constipation. The use of laxatives and purgatives should be avoided as possible, because it may in most cases lead to auto intoxication.
The homeo-magnet treatment is one of the best processes to overcome the problem of constipation. Homoeopathically according to symptom proper medicine should be selected. There are many remedies in the system of homeopathy for the treatment of constipation. We may suggest here some remedies such as Nux vom, Alumina, Bryonia, Cascara Sag, Calc Carb, Causticum, Hydrastis Can, Silicea, Sulphur, Mag Carb, etc. But it is alleyways to be keep in mind that homeopathic treatment is not a process of specific medication, but it needs proper study of the patient’s symptoms to find out the remedies for an individual. The strong magnets should be appliedto the soles of the feet twice daily, i.e., morning and evening. Magnetised water should also be taken twice daily. South Pole of a medium magnet may be applied 4 cm under naval of abdomen. Some other acupuncture point of application sometimes becomes needful.