Inflammation of the joints and is marked by pain, heat, redness and swelling in the acute state is called arthritis. The inflammation can then lead to difficulty in moving or bending the joint properly. There are different types of arthritis, namely acute rheumatic arthritis in which many joints of the body are affected specially due to rheumatic fever; and the rheumatoid arthritis in which severe pain and swelling of the joints occurs from infection by certain bacteria.
This type of arthritis sometimes occurs in children which is called juvenile rheumatoid arthritis . The rheumatoid arthritis mainly affects the lining of the joints i.e. synovium joints which is progressively damaged leading to deformation and restricted movement of the joints. Rheumatic and rheumatoid arthritis stand good chances of recovery and cure in the beginning of the trouble but when the lining of the joints is completely damaged there are bleak chances of cure. Hence curative measures should be taken immediately after the first symptoms of the diseases are noticed. It is a general practice of a patient to avoid the use of the affected joints owing to pain which leads to more and more restricted movements of the organs and subsequently to dreadful stiffening and deformity. In persons passed middle age especially in women at the time of menopause, there is greater proneness to this disease which majority of cases affects the knees.
If there have trouble of moving around or feel pain and stiffness in one’s body, it may be arthritis. In the majority of cases arthritis brings pain and swelling in joints. Naturally a swollen joint can suffer severe damage and in some cases, arthritis can cause the patient’s skin, eye or other organ’s problem. But it should be remember that the arthritis is not a single disease, it is a term that covers about hundred medical conditions. Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and generally affects elderly persons. In most cases, over time, cartilage in joints breaks down and osteoarthritis
symptomsbegan to occur. In the knees, hips, hands and fingers or the spine are the common place where the osteoarthritis found. Wrist, elbows, shoulders and ankles cab also be affected. But when osteoarthritis is found in these joints, there may have been a history of injury or stress to that joint.
A joint is where one bone moves on another bone. Ligament holds the two bones together. The ligaments are just like the elastic bands, while they keep the bones in place and the muscles relax or contract to make the joint move. The covering of the bone surfaces are made by the cartilage to stop the two bones from rubbing directly against each other and it allows the joint to work smoothly and painlessly. Joint also surrounded by a capsule. The space within the joint called the joint cavity has a fluid namely the synovial fluid. This fluid nourishes the joint and the cartilage. The Synovium , which lines the joint cavity produces the synovial fluid.
When arthritis occurs, something goes wrong with the joints such as; it could be that the cartilage is wearing away, a lack of fluid, autoimmunity infection or a combination of many factors. Most of the type of arthritis is caused by a combination of several factors working together. A higher arthritis risk may contribute by the following factors:
(i) Genetic makeup of the patient
(ii) A physical demanding job, which require repetitive movements of the joints.
(iii) Any previous injury.
(iv) Some kind of infection or allergic reaction may be the cause of short-time arthritis. If it is caused by an infection is called reactive arthritis.
(v) Obesity, as it places more strain on the joints.
(vi) Certain foods can either bring on arthritis symptoms or make existing ones worse for some people.
Types of arthritis :-
Though there are more than 100 types of arthritis, some of them are most common:
In this type of arthritis the cartilage loses its elasticity. If the cartilage is stiff it becomes damaged quite easily. The cartilage acts as a shock absorber and as the cartilage
becomes damaged, tendons and ligaments become stretched, causing pain. Eventually the bones rub against each other causing severe pain. In addition, damaged joint tissue can cause the release of certain substances namely prostaglandins, which can also contribute to the pain and swelling symptom to the patient.
The symptoms of osteoarthritis develop slowly and get worse as time goes by. There is Joint pain, either during or after use, or after a period of inactivity. There may have tenderness when pressure is applied to the joint and the joint will be stiff, especially in the time of rising in the morning. The patient may feel it harder to use the joint. Hard lumps may appear around the joint or the joint might swell.
This is an inflammatory type of arthritis. The synovium is attacked, as a result swelling and pain.
If left without treatment the arthritis can lead to deformity. It is more common in women than men and generally strikes when the patient is aged between 40 and 60, though the children or much older person may also be affected.
Same joints of each side of the body are painful, swollen, inflamed and stiff are the common symptom of rheumatoid arthritis. Most commonly the fingers, arms, legs and wrist are affected. Symptoms are usually worst on walking up in the morning. The joints are tender when touched and there may be rheumatoid nodules. Some patients feel tired most of time and loss their weight. The arthritis may gradually spreads from the smaller joints to hands, wrist, ankles and feet to elbows, knees, hips, neck, shoulders and jaw.
It is aseptic infection in the synovial fluid and tissues of a joint caused by some bacteria or viruses or fungi. Bacteria, viruses or fungi may spread through the bloodstream from infected tissue nearby, and infect a joint.
After careful study of the patient’s total symptom select a homeopathic remedy considering the treatment of the patient, not the treatment of the disease only. Some important homeopathic medicines for arthritis are Casia sophera, Aconite nap, Bryonia, Rhus tox, Causticum, Clchicum,Arnica mont, Ledum pal, Guaiacum, Lycopodium, Chamomilla, Ruta g, Gnaphalium, Sulphur and many other according to the patient’s signs and symptoms.
In case the joints of the lower portion of the body are affected, the strong magnets should be applied to the sole of feet and if the joints of the upper halfof the body are affectedthen the magnets should be applied to the palms of the hands according to the rule of application of magnets. This treatment can be carried out in the morning and evening daily. Localised application of magnet on painful area may also be useful. Magnetic water should be intake thrice daily. Use of electromagnet may give better result. Treatment should be done under supervision of experienced medical personal. Diet and necessary physical exercise may be suggested according to the patient and symptoms.