Epilepsy is a condition which is characterised by recurring attacks of unconsciousness weight or without convulsions and is associated with disturbance of electrical activity of the brain. The disease is mainly hereditary in which parental syphilis and alcoholism play an important role. Epilepsy is a recurrent paroxysmal cerebral diseases dysrhythmia with or without fit.
1. idiopathic or primary epilepsy.
2. Symptomatic or secondary epilepsy.
Classification of idiopathic epilepsy
a) generalised convulsion:
i) grand mal epilepsy or major epilepsy.
ii) Absence convulsion (seizure).
iii) Myoclonic convulsion.
iv) Tonic convulsion.
v) At kinetic convulsion.
b) Partial convulsions
iii) focal onset leading to tonic clonic convulsions.
i) General causes:
Poisons; alcohol, cocaine, cardiazole, picro toxin, lead, organophosphorus compounds etc. Metabolic disturbances such as uraemia, cholaemia, hypo and hyperglycaemia etc.
Cerebral anorexia: carbon monoxide and nitrous oxide poisoning, heart block.
Allergy: Asmara or related conditions.
Undetermined causes: Teething, fever, helminthic infection.
Infection and infestation: cerebral malaria, Tetanus etc.
ii) local causes:
cerebrovascular diseases such as cerebral thrombosis, cerebral embolism, hypertensive encephalopathy.
Trauma of Birth injury, head injury.
Space occupying lesions: cerebral tumours, abscess, subdural haematoma.
Inflammatory: encephalitis, meningitis, general paralysis of insane, meningo-vascular syphilis etc.
Congenital: congenital cerebral diplegia, Gumma, hydrocephalus.
Degenerative conditions: Pre-senile dementias.
This type of epilepsy same in the age group after two years up to 20 years of age. The exciting factors are pyrexia, overwork, fatigue, hunger, excitement, some drugs, alcohol, metabolic changes, trauma including surgery, encephalitis, degenerative brain disease, cerebral infraction, cerebral neoplasm, photosensitivity and other exogenous stimulant. The premonitory symptoms of grand mal epilepsy are that they may be a change of mood or behaviour for few days prior to the attack. The onset of the attack may be any time but usually when the patient just falls asleep or gets up from bed.
The main feature of this epilepsy is momentary loss of consciousness. The patient is suddenly an estate by the action for a few seconds. These may associated with sudden stillness of posture or a vacant facial expression which attracts the attention of the fellow mates. Little twitching of the fingers, ruling of the eyeballs may sometimes observed. Generally the patient does not call as the attack passes of witty new few seconds.
there is generalised myoclonus and mental deterioration due to organic brain damage. When it observed children it is called infantile massive spasm.
in this case attacks occur in the form of fall on the ground without warning, consciousness is generally gained immediately.
There are some other type of epilepsy such as psychomotor epilepsy, Jacksonian epilepsy, automatic convulsion epilepsy and sensory convulsion epilepsy.
The lesser known causes of epilepsy are the errors of reflection of eyes, nasal defects, tightness of the fore skin of the penis, acute indigestion, worms, emotional excitement, etc. generally before the actual fit comes on, the patient sees colours or hears confused noises or feels worlds creeping in under the skin. These are collectively called áura’. In a short while after the aura, the patient shrieks, falls on the ground spasmodically stretching out limbs and arches the body on the back throwing the head to one side. These may be accompanied by violent twitching and jerking of the limbs and frothing of the mouth. After a short while the body relaxes and the consciousness is regained till the next attack. The patient generally feels absolutely exhausted after an attack and shows blueness of face.
The combination treatment of homoeopathy and magnet therapy can produce a permanent solution of epilepsy. Some important homoeopathy medicine may be named here such as Cuprum Met, Bufo Rana, Opium, Cina, Agaricus, Ignatia, Natrum Sulph, Cedron, Cicuta Vr, Kali mur, Kali Phos, Mag Phos etc. Proper case taking and taking the totally of symptom the homoeopathy remedy selection should be done. With homoeopathic medicine the magnet therapy should be applied to get the expected result. During an attack the patient should be protected from injuring specially the tongue. A towel or other soft articles should be inserted between the teeth, and the clothing should be loosened. Heavy and starchy food should be avoided. The patient should be kept on vegetable diet allowing sufficient milk regularly. Stomach should not be overloaded and the foods which are not easily digestible should be avoided. The other causes like errors of reflection, and in the allegation could be promptly treated and the epilepsy patient to be encouraged to take out your exercise and fresh air. Permanent magnet would be applied to a epilepsy patient under the palms every morning. The ceramic magnets should be applied to the temples daily in the morning. In addition South Pole of the ceramic magnate should be applied to the coup puncture point GV-20, which is right on the top of the head, for 10 minutes daily. Some other local treatment as par symptoms may be beneficial. The magnetised water of both pole mix up should be taken twice a day regularly.