Dysmenorrhoea or Menstrual Pain means the painful menses in women. In general menstruations attended with some amount of pain and discomfort. But in certain cases, women feel severe pain usually in the lower abdomen, back and in the sacral region. Periods with pain are common in teenagers and young adult women. In common it has seen that the periods tend to become less painful as a girl become older. Most women feel some pain during period and the pain in general is mild. But in certain cases, women feel severe pain which may be due to long-standing inflammation or deformity or obstruction or displacement of uterus, ovaries or fallopian tubes. This type of painful menses is called Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhoea.
Pain of dysmenorrhoea may develop before the onset of menstruation and continue throughout the period of menstrual flow.
Sometimes, pain is severe and attended by nausea, vomiting, and other disturbances, which reduces the patient’s working capacity. In many cases it is just a manifestation of systemic diseases, namely CNS disorders, malformations, and infantilism. In some occasion Menstrual Pain may be attributed to retro flexion or ant flexion of the uterus, cicatricial changes, and narrowing of the cervical canal. There are two types of dysmenorrhoea distinguished such as primary dysmenorrhoea and secondary forms of dysmenorrhoea. The primary type does not appear to be linked to any organic disease and it is generally congenital. The secondary type develops in women with previously normal menstruations. The secondary dysmenorrhoea may be related to inflammatory processes, endometriosis, and genital tumours.
There are two types of dysmenorrhoea, (i) Primary and the (ii) Secondary.
The primary dysmenorrhoea is the most common type of periods with pain. This type of pain occurs where there is no basic problem of the uterus or pelvis. It often occurs in that teenagers and young adults women. On the other hand the secondary dysmenorrhoea is also a menstrual pain host by a problem of the uterus or pelvis. It is more likely to occur in the women in their age between 30s and 40s. Secondary type of dysmenorrhoea is less common.
Cramp pain in lower abdomen is the main symptom. In many cases from the onset to the first few periods may goes without any pain. But the pain may begin after 6 to 10 months or latter after the onset. The pain may be different for the different girls. The pain may spread from the lower back to the top of the legs. Menstrual pain usually starts as the bleeding starts, but it may start up to 24 hours before and may lasts 12 to 24 hours, but in some individual it may last up to 3 to 4 days. The pain may vary with each period and occasionally some period may goes with mild pain or even painless. In general the pain tends to become less as the girl get older or after maturity and having a baby. Some women feels other physical problems along with pain, such as, Tiredness, Headache, Breast pain or tenderness, hardness of breast, Nausea or vomiting, Bloating, Diarrhoea and also feeling emotional and sadness.
The causes of the problem are always not quite clear. The uterus is found normal. It may be said that the menstrual pain occurs when the muscular wall of the uterus contracts. During the period the wall of the uterus starts to contract more vigorously, to persuade the lining of the uterus to shed away as part of the monthly menstrual cycle. When the muscular wall of the uterus contracts, it compresses the blood vessels that line the uterus. This temporarily cuts of the blood supply as well as the oxygen supply to the uterus. And as a result of deficiency of oxygen the tissue in the uterus release chemicals that generate the pain.
While the body is releasing these pain-triggering chemicals, it’s also producing another set of chemicals known as prostaglandins. Prostaglandins encourage the womb muscles to contract further, therefore increasing the level of pain. In the women suffering with Menstrual Pain there seems to be a build –up of too much prostaglandin, or the uterus may be extra sensitive to the prostaglandins, which may cause the uterus to contract too hard and leads to pain. There may have some other factors which are yet to be determined. So it is not yet known why some women experience more period pain than others.
The homeo-magnet treatment may give excellent and permanent solution of the menstrual pain. Proper homeopathic remedy selection by observing the patient and taking the total symptoms is essential. Some important homeopathic medicine can be named hear. Sepia, Puls, Calc Carb, Nat Mur, Mag Phos, Kali phos, Lyco, Phytolacca, China, Rhus tox, Bryonia, Belladona, Sulphur, etc. are the some of important remedies. With the administration of homeopathic medicine, to overcome the problem of dysmenorrhoea the application of magnetic therapy is quite needful. Women who suffer from this disorder should regularly apply magnets to the sole of feet during the intervening period between two menses. At the beginning of the menses, North Pole should be applied just 5 cm below the navel and South Pole just on the opposite side at the back for 10 to 15 minutes daily in the morning. In addition, during the period the North Pole should be applied to the acupuncture point Sp-6, i.e. about 7-8 cm above the inner malleoulus and South Pole on the left side. Application of electromagnetic therapy is more effective for the treatment of Menstrual Pain and helps the women to overcome the problem permanently.